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Consulting services for the “Support to land reform and infrastructure development in communal areas”

Rural Development and Environment
Ministry of Lands and Resettlement
Donor Organisation: 
KfW Development Bank
Associated Enterprises: 
Project Volume: 
Value of Services: 
Start of project: 
September, 2011
End of project: 
September, 2014

Since the early 1990’s, the Namibian Governmenthas being carrying  out an ambitious land reform programme, which aims at bringing about more equitable land distribution and access to land, promote sustainable economic growth, lower income equalities and reduce poverty. One component of the land reform programme concentrates on communal land (formerly “homelands”), with the following key objectives:

  • development of under-utilised or „virgin“ land for agricultural purposes (i.e. establishment of small-scale commercial farms (SSCFs)); and
  • improving tenure security and granting of long-term leaseholds.


The responsible ministry -Ministry of Lands and Resettlement (MLR)- receives financial and technical support through the Namibian-German Co-operation to implement the above mentioned components of its land reform programme focussing on communal areas. The money is provided in form of a basket fund used to support MLR in its endeavours to register customary land rights in communal areas, to develop under-utilised and unutilised land (i.e. SSCFs) and to produce integrated land use plans.

Project details


The overall objective of the Namibian land reform programme is to bring about more equitable land distribution and access to land, promote sustainable economic growth, lower income equalities and to reduce poverty.

The consulting services aimed at assisting the MLR in the general programme management and particularly in basket fund management. The consulting services encompass the following elements:

  1. Assistance in the elaboration of a road map for the implementation of the “Support to Land Reform and Infrastructure Development in Communal Areas Project”;
  2. Field implementation / assignment of implementation consultants;
  3. Support to an adequate organisational set-up and programme management;
  4. Definition of and support to the basket fund/financial management.

1. Road map development for the “Support to Land Reform and Infrastructure Development in Communal Areas”

  • Assessment of anticipated future structural changes in the communal areas;
  • Definition of under-utilised and unutilised land and development of a participatory planning methodology for further SSCF development;
  • Review of the establishment of small-scale commercial farming units (i.e. economic viability);
  • Development of proposals regarding clear selection criteria and processes for future SSCFP beneficiaries;
  • Development of proposals to define rights under leaseholds in coordination with the MCA funded Communal Land Support project;
  • Development of proposals how to address ‘illegal fencing’, rights to commonages and foreign investments;
  • Prioritise areas for local land use planning activities in ‘hot spot’ areas;
  • Analysis of the nature of land disputes and prioritise areas and activities for conflict resolution;
  • Enhancing the process of customary land rights registration (including improving the National Communal Land Admininstration System – NCLAS); and
  • Development of an improved communication strategy for subsequent implementation.

2. Field implementation / Assignment of implementation consultants

  • Mobilisation of implementation consultants for road map development (see activity 1), review of the socio-economic viability of planned small-scale commercial farming units;  implementation of communication strategies; farm planning and infrastructure planning (i.e. roads and water infrastructure); land-use planning in ‘hot spot’ areas and and conflict management.

3. Infrastructure development

  • Managing the development of small scale rural infrastructure (borehole drilling, borehole equipping, fencing, marketing infrastructure, water pipelines) needs, tendering documents, Bills of Quantity and procurement through the national tender board, as well as supervision of works implementation and associated maintenance/utilisation training.

4. Support to an adequate organisational set-up and programme management

  • Clear definition of roles and tasks of the different management structures layers in place, especially the newly created programme management support unit;
  • Periodically activity planning and M&E meetings;
  • Continuous communication and coordination with the National Planning Commission, other line ministries and other partners and stakeholders (MLR regional offices, GIZ, etc.);
  • Capacity building measures.

5. Definition of and support to the basket fund/financial management

  • Definition of the status quo of the basket fund and institutional analysis;
  • Definition of the scope of and the modalities for financing activities, procurement and reporting procedures;
  • Procurement of goods, works and services for farm infrastructure development and other programme measures.

6. Facilitation of EU multimillion EUR contribution to the basket fund and delegated agreement to the KfW Development Bank.