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External evaluation of District Development Cooperation Programmes in Mangochi District in Malawi and Kalangala District in Uganda

Regional – Africa
Monitoring & Evaluation/Quality
Directorate for International Development Cooperation (ICEIDA)
Donor Organisation: 
Ministry for Foreign Affairs Iceland (MFA ICEIDA)
Project Volume: 
Value of Services: 
Start of project: 
February, 2018
End of project: 
September, 2018



In 2006, Iceland started district development cooperation with Kalangala District in Uganda based on previous development project cooperation. This was the start of a district approach, focusing on support through district governments to improve livelihoods and provide basic services. In 2012, a formal district cooperation programme was started in Mangochi District in Malawi, building on previous development cooperation projects, which had been implemented in the district.

In both cases, the chosen approach has placed MFA-ICEIDA as a key external partner to the district authorities and as the single largest financier of investments in social infrastructure, such as water and sanitation (both countries), education (both countries), maternal and child health (Mangochi). In Kalangala, MFA-ICEIDA has been a key financier of economic infrastructure for fisheries. In both countries/districts financing for capacity building and administrative strengthening has been provided.

Project details


Two district level development programmes under Icelandic bi-lateral cooperation were the subjects of this evaluation.

  1. Malawi – Mangochi Basic Services Programme 2012-2016 (extended to 2017) New phase has recently started.
  2. Uganda – Support to Kalangala District Development Programme 2006-2015 (extended to 2017)


The main purpose of the evaluation was to provide an external, independent and objective assessment of the two cooperation programmes, to strengthen mutual accountability for development results and provide lessons learned for stakeholders for future planning and decision-making.

Sectors covered by the two programmes were:

  • Fisheries, and Water and sanitation (WASH)
  • Local administration
  • Public health
  • Education and Sports
  • Capacity Building
  • Tourism

Throughout the MBSP two cross cutting issues, gender and environment, were systematically considered and indicators developed to measure progress towards gender equality.

The evaluation followed the current OECD-DAC Quality Standards for Development Evaluations.

  • Responsible for organising and implementing the evaluation process based on the OECD-DAC evaluation criteria
  • Coordinating the process, contract and logistical management
  • Desk review and documentation analysis
  • Inception missions to Malawi and Uganda
  • (Draft) Inception report including individual evaluation matrixes for both programmes
  • Field visits (14 days) for primary data collection through interviews and focus group discussion with the involved actors in Mangochi District (KE 1) and Kalangala District (KE2)
  • Training enumerators and implementation of household (hh) survey (paper based) (Kalangala: 355 households, of which 115 control villages; Mangochi: 149 hh in the health programme; 197 hh in the education programme; 197 hh in the WASH programme
  • De-briefing with key stakeholders in Uganda and Malawi)
  • Data analysis
  • Development of a comprehensive draft evaluation report
  • Feedback meeting with stakeholder in Uganda and Malawi (separately, via skype)
  • Final Evaluation Report and Evaluation Brief
  • Presentation of report for learning at MFA in Reykjavík

The evaluation was structured into three phases:

  1. the preparation phase;
  2. the implementation phase and
  3. the closing phase.


During (1) desk review, an inception mission to Malawi and Uganda and the preparation of the inception report took place. (2) Comprised a 14-day field mission of each KE to one programme with accompanied household (hh) surveys. (3) Included the elaboration of the final report and feedback meetings with stakeholders in Malawi and Uganda.

A final presentation at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Iceland took place in order to present findings and recommendations, as well as exchange on lessons learned.