GOPA project database
Since its founding in 1965, GOPA has successfully implemented over 3,500 projects in more than 130 countries. At present, over 140 are being carried out. This database provides a selection of projects best illustrating GOPA’s fields of activity.
Valorisation of genetic resources/Nagoya Protocol
Rural Development and Environment
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
AFC Consultants International
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Because of its biological richness Morocco has always been a privileged destination of bio-prospecting. In fact thanks to the diversity of its bio-climates and to the variety of natural ecosystems, Morocco occupies a privileged position in the Mediterranean basin. With more than 24,000 animal and 7,000 plant species, the national biodiversity has a particular ecological importance. These biologic and genetic resources are associated to a large range of traditional knowledge and practices. Therefore it is very important to establish a suitable national political vision which aims at regulating the access to those genetic resources and of a fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization thereof.
In July 2013 Morocco ratified the Nagoya Protocol, an international agreement which regulates the access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources (Access and Benefit Sharing- ABS). This protocol was adopted in October 2010 during the 10th conference of the parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Nagoya in Japan. Accordingly, the member countries, such as Morocco, need to transpose the protocol into national law. The challenge is to achieve a multi-sectoral approach of ABS.
During the last three years the component “Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol” of the Programme Adaptation to Climate Change –Nagoya Protocol (ACCN) of the German cooperation (GIZ) provided technical assistance to the Moroccan Government, among others in the fields of legal and institutional advise to implement the Nagoya protocol on national level and in promoting pilot agreements in line with the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) and Mutual Agreed Terms (MAT) of the Nagoya Protocol.
In this context, GIZ ensures the continuity of its technical assistance support concerning the implementation of a political and legal framework to the Moroccan Government through the component Valorisation of the genetic resources/Nagoya Protocol of its new programme Environmental and Climate Governance which started in December 2015.
The objective of this component is as following: First elements of the Nagoya Protocol on national level are implemented.
To achieve this goal the following three intervention areas had been defined:
- Elaboration of a national strategy for the valorisation of the genetic resources in line with the Nagoya Protocol;
- Advisory services to the Ministry of Environment for the elaboration of legal texts for the national law for the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol;
- Identification and elaboration of pilot conventions comprising le principles of access and benefit sharing of the Nagoya Protocol.
In view of these intervention areas, our consortium will ground its work on the results of the component “Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol of the ACCN programme and will continue its efforts by means of a consultative progress, a participatory approach and capacity-building. We will promote amongst others (1) the development of an appropriate legal framework, (2) the vision and the main outlines of a national strategy (as well as instruments for its implementation), and (3) mechanisms to ensure the sustainable valorisation of the national genetic resources.
- Elaboration of a national strategy for the valori-sation of genetic resources which is adapted to the implementation of the ABS mechanism of the Nagoya Protocol. The strategy will be elaborat-ed on the basis of regular consultation and dia-logue between the governmental institutions in question, the civil society and the private sector. It is also essential that this strategy is able to find ways in order to assert its goals and identified pri-orities within the mechanisms of the ABS.
- Advisory support to elaborate legal regulations of the draft law introducing the Nagoya Protocol.
- Supporting negotiations between the representa-tives of the producers (providers) and the national or foreign institutions or enterprises (users) to agree on a fair and equal share of benefits gen-erated from the use of the genetic resources and from the associated traditional knowledge. This component will allow the creation of complemen-tary models of pilot agreements, which refer to other aspects of the Nagoya Protocol (i.e. traditional knowledge, Moroccan user enterprises etc.).
- The novelty of the ABS requires the elaboration of a strategy in order to increase awareness, dis-seminate know how and communicate about na-tional resources, the Nagoya Protocol, the ABS mechanism, the necessity to revise the legal and institutional frame and the conclusion of pilot agreements which target the decision-makers as well as the users. Hence, the promotion of com-munication shall be effected by (1) regular dis-cussions with individual stakeholder groups, (2) data collection on the valorisation of the genetic resources which will be done jointly by scientists, officials of different administrations, members of the civil society and the private sector, (3) organ-isation of inter-actor conferences for the restitution of field work,; (4) conceptualisation and imple-mentation of an environmental education pro-gramme on this specific issue, and (5) the partici-pation in different symposiums and national work-ing groups on project themes.